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سبحان الله والحمد لله ولا إله إلا الله والله أكبر ولا حول ولا قوة إلا بالله العلي العظيم , വായനയുടെ ലോകത്തേക്ക് സ്വാഗതം, അറിവിന്റെ ജാലകം നിങ്ങളെ കാത്തിരിക്കുന്നു..., "try to become a person who can appreciate the help of others, a person who knows the sufferings of others to get things done, and a person who would not put money as his only goal in life"

May 5, 2011

Vitamin D deficiency linked to high BP


Vitamin D deficiency linked to high BP


People with lower levels of vitamin D are more likely to have stiffer arteries and an inability of blood vessels to relax, according to a new study.

The findings by the scientists at the Emory/Georgia Tech Predictive Health Institute add to evidence that lack of vitamin D can lead to impaired vascular health, contributing to high blood pressure and the risk of cardiovascular disease.

Study participants who increased their vitamin D levels were able to improve vascular health and lower their blood pressure.

Ibhar Al Mheid, a cardiovascular researcher at the University conducted the study with Arshed Quyyumi, professor of medicine and director of the Emory Cardiovascular Research Institute.
The 554 participants in the study were Emory or Georgia Tech employees –average age 47 and generally healthy who are taking part in the Center for Health Discovery and Well Being, part of the Emory/Georgia Tech Predictive Health Institute.
The average level of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (a stable form of the vitamin reflecting diet as well as production in the skin) in participants' blood was 31.8 nanograms per milliliter.
In this group, 14 per cent had 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels considered deficient, or less than 20 nanograms per milliliter, and 33 per cent had levels considered insufficient, less than 30 nanograms per milliliter.
The researchers monitored the ability of participants' blood vessels to relax by inflating and then removing a blood pressure cuff on their arms. To allow blood to flow back into the arm, blood vessels must relax and enlarge – a change that can be measured by ultrasound.
The researchers also made other measurements of smaller blood vessels and examined the resistance to blood flow imposed by the arteries.
"Even after controlling for factors such as age, weight and cholesterol, people with lower vitamin D levels still had stiffer arteries and impaired vascular function," said Al Mheid.
"We found that people with vitamin D deficiency had vascular dysfunction comparable to those with diabetes or hypertension," he said.
Participants whose vitamin D levels increased over the next six months, either from dietary supplements or ample sun exposure, tended to improve their measures of vascular health and had lower blood pressure.
Forty-two study participants with vitamin D insufficiency whose levels later went back to normal had an average drop in blood pressure of 4.6 millimeters mercury.
The study was presented at the annual American College of Cardiology meeting in New Orleans.
Vitamin D 
Vitamin D is found in many dietary sources such as fish, eggs, fortified milk, and cod liver oil. The sun also contributes significantly to the daily production of vitamin D, and as little as 10 minutes of exposure is thought to be enough to prevent deficiencies. The term “vitamin D” refers to several different forms of this vitamin.
Two forms of Vitamin D are important in humans: ergocalciferol (vitamin D2) and cholecalciferol (vitamin D3). Vitamin D2 is synthesized by plants. Vitamin D3 is synthesized by humans in the skin when it is exposed to ultraviolet-B (UVB) rays from sunlight. Foods may be fortified with vitamin D2 or D3.

Vitamin D Needs and Deficiency

The major biologic function of vitamin D is to maintain normal blood levels of calcium and phosphorus. Vitamin D aids in the absorption of calcium, helping to form and maintain strong bones. Recently, research also suggests vitamin D may provide protection from osteoporosis, hypertension (high blood pressure), cancer, and several autoimmune diseases.
Vitamin D helps your body absorb calcium, which your bones need to grow. A lack of vitamin D can lead to bone diseases such as osteoporosis  or rickets. Vitamin D also has a role in your nerve, muscle, and immune systems.
Vitamin D is measured as Serum 25-Hydroxy vitamin D levels. A Serum Hydroxy vitamin D level of 10 ng/mL is low, a level of 15 ng/mL is adequate and a level of 200 ng/mL is potentially toxic
Rickets and osteomalacia are classic vitamin D deficiency diseases. In children, vitamin D deficiency causes rickets, which results in skeletal deformities. In adults, vitamin D deficiencycan lead to osteomalacia, which results in muscular weakness in addition to weak bones. Populations who may be at a high risk for vitamin D deficiencies include the elderly, obese individuals, exclusively breastfed infants, and those who have limited sun exposure. Also, individuals who have fat malabsorption syndromes (e.g., cystic fibrosis) or inflammatory bowel disease (e.g., Crohn’s disease) are at risk.

How to Get Vitamin D

You can get vitamin D in three ways: through your skin, from your diet, and from supplements. Your body forms Vitamin D naturally after exposure to sunlight. However, too much sun exposure can lead to skin aging and skin cancer. So many people try to get their vitamin D from other sources. You need to get anywhere between 200IU to 600IU of Vitamin D a day with the amount increasing as we age.
Vitamin D-rich foods include egg yolks, saltwater fish, and liver. Some other foods, like milk and cereal, often have added vitamin D.
You can also take vitamin D supplements. Check with your health care provider to see how much you should take. People who might need extra vitamin D include
  • Seniors
  • Breastfed infant
  • People with dark skin
  • People with certain conditions, such as liver diseases, cystic fibrosis and Crohn’s disease
  • People who are obese or have had gastric bypass surgery

Foods high in Vitamin D

Cod liver oil, 1 tablespoon1,360
Salmon (sockeye), cooked, 3 ounces794
Mackerel, cooked, 3 ounces388
Tuna fish, canned in water, 3 ounces154
Milk, nonfat, reduced fat, and whole115
Orange juice fortified with vitamin D, 1 cup100
Yogurt, fortified, 6 ounces80
Margarine, fortified, 1 tablespoon60
Sardines, canned in oil, drained, 2 sardines46
Liver, beef, cooked, 3.5 ounces46
Ready-to-eat cereal, fortified40
Egg, 1 whole (vitamin D is found in yolk)25
Cheese, Swiss, 1 ounce6
In a not very scientific survey I have personally found that many women are very deficient in Vitamin D. My wife and some of here friends have had to supplement a lot of Vitamin D just to try to catch up

once the bodys requirements have been met vit d, my wife needs vitamin d, at what vitamin d level do you start to syore the vitamin d, vitamin D fitness tips for life, vitamin d, treatment of vitamin d deficiency inuit d2, The sun contributes significantlyto the daily exposure, The sun also contributes significantly to the daily production of Vitamin D AND AS LITTLE AS 10 MINUTES OF EXPOSURE IS THOUGHT TO BE ENOUGH TO PREVENT deficiences -2009 August 26


SUNLIGHT, VITAMIN D & HEALTH

Laurance Johnston, Ph.D.
Over the years, I have noticed many friends and colleagues with physical disabilities basking in the sun’s warmth, an activity they can partake in as readily as any able-bodied individual. With moderation, they should keep on basking; it’s healthy.
Although dermatologists advocate avoiding sunlight to prevent skin damage, a growing body of science suggests that the sun exerts many healing benefits. In fact, epidemiological studies indicate that you are much more likely to die from disorders aggravated by chronic underexposure to the sun than disorders aggravated by overexposure. In just one of many examples, epidemiologists estimate at least 55 men die prematurely from prostate cancer from too little sun for every man that dies from too much sun.

This article’s purpose is to describe some of the sun’s healing benefits, especially for spinal cord injury (SCI) and multiple sclerosis (MS) and how they are mediated through vitamin-D metabolism.


History

Throughout history, many healing modalities have cycled in and out of favor. Sunlight (heliotherapy) was often a part of mankind’s healing armamentaria, including that of Hippocrates, the Father of Western Medicine. In the early twentieth century, heliotherapy was used to treat many disorders, such as tuberculosis, rickets in children, and war wounds. Its importance was underscored when Dr. Niels Finsen was awarded the 1903 Nobel Prize for developing an ultraviolet (UV) treatment for tuberculosis.

Boston’s Floating Hospital got its name because it originally was located on a floating boat, in which children with rickets could sunbathe. At that time, many hospitals were built to allow access to more sunlight. Sunlight remains an important hospital-design consideration as documented by a recent study showing that spinal-surgery patients assigned to bright, sunny rooms needed much less pain medication. 

However, as our increasingly pharmaceutically oriented medical profession developed powerful, infection-fighting antibiotics and drugs, and as milk and other foods were supplemented with vitamin-D, heliotherapy faded to the background.

Its decline was greatly accelerated by the fear of acquiring skin cancer. In my lifetime, I’ve seen a great shift on this issue. For example, when I was a child, my mother told me to play outside and get some sun. In contrast, today’s mothers lather sunscreen on their children, which, in spite of good intentions, evidence suggests may promote a vitamin-D deficiency that may have life-long implications.

Heliotherapy is once again emerging from the dark; there is simply too much evidence supporting its use to ignore.

Ultraviolet Light

Sunlight is composed of electromagnetic radiation of varying wavelengths, ranging from the long-wavelength infrared light to the short-wavelength ultraviolet. The ultraviolet light is further subdivided into UVA and the even shorter-wavelength UVB radiation. Although UVB causes sunburns, it is also the component that initiates Vitamin-D production in the skin.

Unfortunately, earlier sunscreens only blocked UVB, allowing full exposure to skin-damaging UVA light. These UVB sunscreens allowed people to absorb much more UVA radiation before becoming burned than if no sunscreen was used at all. As such, scientists now believe that past sunscreen use actually promoted skin damage, while, at the same time, blocking beneficial vitamin-D production. (Sunscreen reduces the skin’s ability to produce vitamin D by at least 95%.)

Exposure to vitamin-D-producing UVB light can vary greatly depending upon many factors, including time of day and year; and the latitude, altitude, and prevailing weather conditions of where we live.

Latitude is especially important. For example, if you live north of about 37o (roughly, a line from Richmond to San Francisco), you will be exposed to little UVB from at least November through February because the sun’s zenith angle is so low that the atmosphere absorbs most UVB before it reaches you.

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